For those wondering how to practice Stoic negative visualisation, the great news is that it can be easily done by basically anyone, anywhere, at any time!
Similar to other ancient Stoic techniques like writing in a journal and practising self-denial, negative visualisation doesn’t require the aspiring Stoic to be in a specific location at a specific time, or to need any complicated equipment.
On the contrary, the techniques are all geared towards making the individual less reactive to circumstances, more capable of functioning well regardless of time, location and resources. I like to think of it as expanding my comfort zone!
In his book on Stoicism, A Guide to the Good Life, William B. Irvine says:
To engage in negative visualisation is to contemplate the bad things that happen to us.
Negative visualisation encourages us to regularly spend some time imagining the bad things that could happen to us. For example –
- Giving thought to what things you value most in your life and then imagining losing those things. (e.g. that obscenely expensive turtle neck that totally captures your style no matter how many times your partner has threatened to cut it into ribbons.)
- Contemplating the unexpected death of a loved one. (e.g. Rover – he has to go to doggy heaven sometime 🙁 )
- Envisaging what would happen if you lost your job. (e.g. what you’d do to get back on your feet, not what swear words you’d load up to unleash in a tirade at your boss.)
It may seem somewhat pessimistic but the result of the exercise is pretty powerful. You can slowly develop a greater appreciation for the things in your life, make the most of the time you have with loved ones and even get good plans in place for certain things going wrong.
The Romans called it premeditatio malorum, and as Seneca put it:
“Error decipit hic, effeminat, dum patimur quae numquam pati nos posse prouidimus. Aufert uim praesentibus malis qui futura prospexit.”“He robs present ills of their power who has perceived their coming beforehand.”